Furqon Edi Wibowo(1*), Endang Rismawati(2)

(1) UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta
(2) UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Morphology is needed in writing. Most of students have low understanding on it. Therefore, this study was to analyze types of  inflectional and derivational affixes at the eighth grade students’ writing skill of recount text at SMP N 2 Wonosari in the academic year of 2021/2022 and to describe the students’ problems in using affixes. The data were collected by documentation, interview and questionnaire. The researcher used Miles and Huberman’s theory to analyze data. The trustworthiness of the data used theory triangulation. The result showed there were 7 types of inflectional affixes –ed, -s, irregular form, -‘s, -en, -er and suppletive plural. There were 6 types of derivational affixes Verb to Noun, Adjective to Adverb, Noun to Adjective, Adjective to Noun, Verb to Adjective, and Noun to Noun (-er, -or, -ion, -ment, -er, -ly, -y, -al, -able, -ous, -ic, -ful, -ry, -ness, -dom, and –ship). The problems happened to the students in using affixes such as the students had difficulties in distinguish free morpheme and bound morpheme, the students were still confused to determine the affix and root, the students felt difficult on the words that consisted of derivational affixes. The affixes could also change the sound and spelling.


Keywords:  Morphology, Inflectional affixes, Derivational Affixes, Wrriting, Recount Text

Full Text:



Byrne, D. (1988). Teachlng Writing Skills. Longman Singapore Publisher.

Cresswell, W. J. (2014). Research Design (V. Knight (ed.); 4th ed.). Sage Publication.

Fasold, R. W. (2006). An Introduction to Language and Linguistics (C. J. Linton (ed.); 1st ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Fromkin, V., Robert, R., & Nina, H. (2011). An Introduction to Language (J. Flaherty M. (ed); 9th ed.). Michael Rosenberg.

Husna, A., & Multazim, A. (2019). Strategies To Solve Writing Difficulties on Recount Text for Inclusion Students. 3(1), 1–12.

Kielmann, K., Cataldo, F., & Seeley, J. (2012). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methodology: A Training Manual (W. Arm (ed.)).

Kusuma, A. A., & Saleh, M. (2017). The Consistency of the Use of Inflectional and Derivational Affixes for Word Formation in Students ’ Writing. 7(3), 270-278.

Nurohmah, I. (2013). An Analysis of Students ’ Recount Text by Using Systemic Functional Grammar. 1(2), 89–98.

Sukmacahyadi, D. (2018). An Analysis of Inflectional Affixes on English Department Students ’ Undergraduate Thesis Abstracts. Journal of Research & Method in Education, 8(5), 17–21.

Tira, F. N., & Pratiwi, N. D. (2020). Pengajaran Menulis Teks Deskripsi Berbahasa Inggris Dengan Media Visual. 04(01), 103–113.

Tosuncuoglu, I. (2017). The Dissection Of Affixes on The Words. 3(18), 62–64.

Wagiyo, S., & Suzana. (2018). Penggunaan Journal Writing dalam Pembelajaran Menulis Bahasa Inggris The Use of Journal Writing in Teaching English Writing. 1–20.

Widyasari, E. F. (2016). Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris Dengan Menggunakan Metode Multiple Intelligence : Studi Kasus Di Sekolah International. Jurnal Edutama, 3(1), 31–46.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 35 times
PDF - 20 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

p-ISSN: 2614-6320

e-ISSN: 2614-6258

 Project by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.

View My Stats