THE USE OF STORYTELLING IN SPEAKING INSTRUCTION
(1) Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Singaperbangsa Karawang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
Speaking is one of the essential skills that EFL students should master to communicate in English. However, speaking remains challenging to the majority EFL students especially in Indonesian context. This research is aimed at investigating the ways storytelling facilitates students in learning to speak, and discovering the students’ experiences in using storytelling as a technique in learning to speak. Four students and one English teacher were purposefully selected to be research participants. The data were collected through observation and interviews, and analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis (Braun & Clark, 2006; Riger & Sigurvinsdottir, 2016). The results showed that storytelling: (a) is an appropriate technique for students to learn pronunciation and vocabulary as well as speaking fluency; (b) amplifies students' understanding of the text; (c) activates students cognition to learn and practice speaking English; and (d) contributes to alleviate students' speaking anxiety, and to improve students' speaking confidence as well. Furthermore, storytelling resulted in a valuable experience for students in learning to speak.
Keywords: Storytelling; Teaching Technique; Learning Speaking
Akhyak & Indramawan, A. (2013). Improving the students’ English speaking competence through storytelling (Study in Pangeran Diponegoro islamic college (STAI) of Nganjuk, East Java, Indonesia). International Journal of Language and Literature, 1(2), 18-24.
Bahadorfar, M., & Omidvar, R. (2014). Technology in teaching speaking skill. Acme International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2(4), 9-13.
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), 77-101
Brown, D. H. (2001). Teaching by Priciples: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy . New York: Addisiom Wesley Longman.
Creswell J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Dilfuza, N. (2021). Importance of storytelling technique in teaching english language. Journal of Natural Science, 4(4).
Entwistle, N. J., & McCUNE, V. E. L. D. A. (2009). The disposition to understand for oneself at university and beyond: Learning processes, the will to learn, and sensitivity to context. Perspectives on the nature of intellectual styles, 29-62.
Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching 4th ed. England: Pearson Education Limited.
Hibbin, R. (2016). The psychosocial benefits of oral storytelling in school: developing identity and empathy through narrative. Pastoral Care in Education, 34(4), 218-231.
Hidayati, Y. (2019). The Effect of Storytelling Towards Students'speaking Skill At X Grade Students Of Ma Nurul Haramain Boarding School. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 7(2), 132-143.
Hsu, Y. (2010). The influence of English Storytelling on the Oral language complexity of EFL primary students. National Yunlin University of Science & Technology, Yunlin.
Inayah, R. (2015). Improving Students’Speaking Skill Through Storytelling Technique (An Experimental Study in a Senior High School in Bandung). Eltin Journal: Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia, 3(1).
Johnson, P. (1981). Effects on reading comprehension of language complexity and cultural background of a text. TESOL quarterly, 15(2), 169-181.
Katz, S. (2015). Qualitative-Based Methodology to Teaching Qualitative Methodology in Higher Education. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 27(3), 352-363.
Khaerana, A. S. A., & Nurdin, N. N. (2018). The effectiveness of story telling and story reading methods in teaching speaking. ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), 4(2), 181-199.
Leong, L. M., & Ahmadi, S. M. (2017). An Analysis of Factors Influencing Learners’english Speaking Skill.
Lin, C. I., & Li, Y. Y. (2018). Protecting life on land and below water: Using storytelling to promote undergraduate students’ attitudes toward animals. Sustainability, 10(7), 2479.
Lisenbee, P. S., & Ford, C. M. (2018). Engaging students in traditional and digital storytelling to make connections between pedagogy and children’s experiences. Early Childhood Education Journal, 46(1), 129-139.
Lonka, K., & Ketonen, E. (2012). How to make a lecture course an engaging learning experience?. Studies for the learning society.
Lucarevschi, C. R. (2016). The role of storytelling on language learning: A literature review. Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle, 26(1), 24-44.
Marzuki, M., Prayogo, J. A., & Wahyudi, A. (2016). Improving the EFL learners’ speaking ability through interactive storytelling. Dinamika Ilmu, 15-34.
Mobbs, A., & Cuyul, M. (2018). Listen to the Music: Using Songs in Listening and Speaking Classes. In English Teaching Forum (Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 22-29). US Department of State. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of English Language Programs, SA-5, 2200 C Street NW 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20037.
Mokhtar, N. H., Halim, M. F. A., & Kamarulzaman, S. Z. S. (2011). The effectiveness of storytelling in enhancing communicative skills. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 18, 163-169.
Njie, B., & Asimiran, S. (2014). Case study as a choice in qualitative methodology. Journal of Research & Method in Education, 4(3), 35-40.
Onu, N. (2013). Teaching english to young learners through storytelling. Linguaculture, 4(2), 133-143.
Pakzadian, M., & Rasekh, A. E. (2012). The effects of using summarization strategies on Iranian EFL learners' reading comprehension. English Linguistics Research, 1(1), 118-125.
Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., Titz, W., & Perry, R. P. (2002). Academic emotions in students' self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative and quantitative research. Educational psychologist, 37(2), 91-105.
Pekrun, R., Goetz, T., & Titz, W. (2002). Academic emotions in students' self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative and quantitative research. Educational psychologist, 37(2), 91-105.
Pekrun, R. (2005). Progress and open problems in educational emotion research. Learning and instruction, 15(5), 497-506.
Putri, S. A., Amri, S., & Ahmad, A. (2020). The Students’difficulties Factors in Speaking. J-Shelves of Indragiri (JSI), 1(2), 115-129
Rahmadhania, S. N., Chaerul, A., & Ahmad, Y. B. (2022). Exploring Students’ Experiences of Story Telling Technique in English Speaking Learning in Junior High School. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 6(1), 546-555.
Rasika, D. J., Sukirlan, M., & Suka, R. G. (2013). The Influence of Story Telling Technique on Students Speaking Ability. U-JET, 2(6).
Riger, S. T. E. P. H. A. N. I. E., & Sigurvinsdottir, R. A. N. N. V. E. I. G. (2016). Thematic analysis. Handbook of methodological approaches to community-based research: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods, 33-41.
Suban, T. S. (2021). Teaching speaking: Activities to promote Speaking Skills in EFL Classrooms. Lectio: Journal of Language and Language Teaching, 1(1), 41-50
Sharma, D. R. (2018). Action research on improving students' speaking proficiency in using cooperative storytelling strategy. Journal of NELTA Surkhet, 5, 97-105
Song, M., & Zhang, S. (2008, June). EFM: A model for educational game design. In International Conference on Technologies for E-Learning and Digital Entertainment (pp. 509-517). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Sulistianingsih, S., Raja, P., & Huzairin, H. (2014). The Implementation of Narrative Storytelling in Teaching Speaking. U-JET, 3(4
Safira, M., Mahmud, M., & Nasir, C. (2020). The Implementation of Storytelling Technique Used by the English Teacher in Teaching Speaking. Research in English and Education Journal, 5(1), 7-18.
Terry, G., Hayfield, N., Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2017). Thematic analysis. The SAGE handbook of qualitative research in psychology, 2, 17-37.
Tifani, T., Regina, R., & Wardah, W. Improving Students'confidence in Speaking by Storytelling Technique Through Webtoon. Journal of English Education Program, 1(1).
Yanto, H. (2019). The Effect of Storytelling Technique towards Students' Speaking Ability. Edu-Ling: Journal of English Education and Linguistics, 2(1), 60-71.
Zare-Behtash, E., Saed, A., & Sajjadi, F. (2016). The effect of storytelling technique on speaking ability of female Iranian intermediate EFL learners. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 5(1), 209-214
Article MetricsAbstract view : 54 times
PDF - 34 times
- There are currently no refbacks.
Project by https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/project/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.