• Dimas Wahyu Erdianto STKIP PGRI Ponorogo, Indonesia
  • Adip Arifin STKIP PGRI Ponorogo, Indonesia


Deixis; Pragmatics; Movie


This study aims to identify the deixis spoken by Ladybug, the main character of Bullet Train. This research used descriptive qualitative method with content analysis to collect the data. The researchers apply the Levinson’s theory on deixis type to classify the findings. The data were collected through the following stages: 1) watch the movie, 2) download the movie script, 3) collect the utterance spoken by Ladybug character that contains deixis, 4) classify the data into types based on Levinson’s theory, and 5) drawing conclusion based on the analysis. The result of this research showed that there were 182 data that identified as deixis. The data consisted of five types of deixis: personal, spatial, temporal, social, and discourse deixis. Personal deixis is the most dominant deixis used in the movie Bullet Train by 159 out of 179 data. Five types of deixis found in Ladybug’s utterances from the Bullet Train movie were person, place, time, social, and discourse deixis. In this research the amount of deixis is 179 words consisting of person deixis, place deixis, time deixis, social deixis, and discourse deixis. The most used deixis by the Ladybug character is person deixis 89% of total deixis spoken. Furthermore the less used deixis are place deixis 8%, time deixis 1%, social deixis 1%, and discourse deixis 1%. Therefore, this research is expected to be the additional reference for understanding the use and function of deixis in real communication.

Author Biographies

Dimas Wahyu Erdianto, STKIP PGRI Ponorogo, Indonesia

Dimas Wahyu Erdianto is currently a 8th semester student at English department, STKIP PGRI Ponorogo.

Adip Arifin, STKIP PGRI Ponorogo, Indonesia

Adip Arifin is currently an English lecturer at STKIP PGRI Ponorogo. His research interest includes pragmatics and sociolinguistics study. 


Abdulameer, T. A. S A. (2019). A Pragmatic Analysis of Deixis in a Religious Tex. International Journal of English Linguistics, 9(2), 292-306.

Ainiyah, K., Sili, S., & Ariani, S. (2019). Analysis of Deixis in Pitch Perfect 2 Movie. Jurnal Ilmu Budaya, 3(3), 288-302.

Arifin, A. (2018). How non-native writers realize their interpersonal meaning? Lingua Cultura, 12(2), 155-161.

Arifin, A. (2019). Language Choice and Perception of EFL Learners’ Compliance towards Stay at Home Health Protocol during Covid-19 Pandemic. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 6(4), 748-761.

Aurelia, A. W., Suprijadi, D., & Husnussalam, H. (2022). Personal and Spatial Deixis on THE Song Lyrics of “Sunday Best” by Surfaces. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 5(2), 262-266.

Bin, X. & Lei, S. (2010). Proximal and Distal Deixis in Spoken English; The Choice between This and That. Chinese Semiotic Studies, 3(1), 134-146.

Bosworth, H. B. & Schaie, K. W. (1997). The Relationship of Social Environment, Social Networks, and Health Outcomes in The Seattle Longitudinal Study: Two Analytical Approaches. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 52(5), 197-205.

Ejlskov, L., Bøggild, H., Kuh, D., & Stafford, M. (2020). Social Relationship Adversities throughout the Lifecourse and Risk of Loneliness in Later Life. Ageing & Society, 4(8), 1718-1734.

Ellis, R. (2012). Movies and Meaning. The Expository Times, 112(9), 304-308.

Farkas, Z. (2022). Social Position and Social Status: An Institutional and Relational Sociological Conception. Human Studies, 45, 417-445.

Fitria, T. N. (2020). Analysis of Deixis in the Movie Subtitle of “First Kiss”. LET: Linguistics, Literature and English Teaching Journal, 10(1), 111-132.

Graham, A. & Barnfield, A. (2021). Types of Social Relationships and Their Effects on Psychological Well-being. Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal, 9(1), 1-18. Retrieved from

Hasanah, C., Laila, M., & Prasetyarini, A. (2006). The Use of Deixis in Gladiator Movie Manuscript. Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra, 18(1), 88-100.

Horn, L. R. & Ward, G. (2006). The Handbook of Pragmatics. Blackwell.

Hornby, A. S. (1995). Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. New York: Oxford University Press.

Huang, Y. (2007). Pragmatics: Oxford Textbooks in Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ilma, F. & Sabat, Y. (2023). Deixis Analysis of the Song Lyrics Shape of You by Ed Sheeran. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 6(4), 783-794.

Khoirunnida, S. & Hayati, R. (2022). Analysis of Person Deixis in English Textbook’s Dialogue for Class X Published by Education Ministry. Prosiding Konferensi Ilmiah Pendidikan ke 4, vol. 3, 845-852. Retrieved from

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Li, Y. (2009). A Social and Pragmatic Analysis of the Second Person Deixis You. Asian Social Science, 5(12), 130-133.

Mukaromah, A. S. (2022). An Analysis of Deixis in “How To Train Your Dragon” Movie Script. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 5(2), 295-299.

Natalia, Y. Y. & Santoso, I. (2020). Person Deixis and Spatial Deixis of King Dangdut by Rhoma Irama Songs. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 3(3), 348-353.

Noerrofi’a, I. & Bahri, S. (2019). The Analysis of Social Deixis in the Movie Beauty and The Beast. Pioneer: Journal of Language and Literature, 11(1), 12-20.

Nurvadhilah, H., Arifin, A., & Harida, R. (2022). Code switching in Di Balik Pintu Vlog by Boy William. Journal of English Language Learning, 6(2), 133-141.

Pratiwi, S. (2018). Person Deixis in English Translation of Summarized Shahih Al-Bukhari Hadith in the Book of As-Salat. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 9(1), 40-43.

Puspa, Y. C., Putri, I G. A. V. W., & Utami, N. M. V. (2021). Deixis Found in the Utterances by the Main Character of “Enola Holmes” Movie. Elysian Journal: English Literature, Linguistics and Translation Studies, 1(3), 85-96. Retrieved from

Puspitasari, H., Bunau, E., & Novita, D. (2014). The Use of Cartoon Movie in Improving Students Speaking Ability in Using Expression of Asking for and Giving Help. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatlistiwa, 3(8), 1-9.

Raputri, E. (2020). Pragmatics Study on Deixis Analysis in Narrative Texts in a Textbook of SMP Nasima Semarang. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Science, Education and Technology (ISET 2020). UNNES: Semarang. Retrieved from

Renkema, J. (2004). Introduction to Discourse Studies. New York: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Rowley, S. J., Kurtz-Costes, B., Mistry, R., & Feagans, L. (2007). Social Status as a Predictor of Race and Gender Stereotypes in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence. Social Development, 16(1), 150-168.

Saputra, U. H. A., Arifin, A., & Harida, R. (2022). Error in Descriptive Text of the Fourth Semester Students of English Department. Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 9(1), 53-59. Retrieved from

Sari, M., Arifin, A., & Harida, R. (2021). Code-Switching and Code-Mixing Used by Guest Star in Hotman Paris Show. Journal of English Language Learning, 5(2), 105-112.

Sari, R. (2015). Deixis Analysis through the Interaction among the Students with Different Culture. Transformatika, 11(2), 41-48.

Sofya, D. & Arifin, A. (2023). Deixis Used by the Character in Curious George: The Royal Monkey Movie. Journal of English Language Learning, 7(1), 309-317.

Stapleton, A. (2017). Deixis in Modern Linguistics. Essex Student Journal, 9(1), 1-10.

Suliman, E. A. E. (2022). Types of Deixis Used in The Doum-Tree of Wad hamid: A Corpus-based Study. Journal of Language, 4(1), 1-14.

Thompson, M. N. & Subich, L. M. (2011). Social Status Identity: Antecedents and Vocational Outcomes. The Counseling Psychologist, 39(5), 735-763.

Ulfaningtiyas, R. & Pramudyawardhani, S. R. (2022). Deixis Analysis on “Front of The Class” Movie Script. Jurnal Dialektika Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 9(2), 157-168. Retrieved from

Uzma, M. F., Prihatin, Y., & Prihatini, F. (2022). Deixis Analysis in "The Gift Of The Magi" for Teaching Writing Narrative. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 5(6), 1166-1171.

Viahapsari, E. & Parmawati, A. (2020). Analysis the Type of Deixis in the Main Character on The Movie I Leave My Heart in Lebanon. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 3(3), 388-394.

Wardhaugh, R. (1973). Introduction to Linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Wiguna, A., Anggraini, H., Nuramalia, R., & Sadikin, I. S. (2018). Deixis in Maleficent Movie Script. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 1(2), 133-138.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yulfi, Y. (2017). An Analysis of Deixis and Speech Act Used in English Teaching and Learning Process. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 1(1), 82-90.

Zupnik, Y. J. (1994). A Pragmatic Analysis of the Use of Person Deixis in Political Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 21(4), 339-383.