• Leil Badrah Zaki International Batam University, Indonesia
  • Arya Dita International Batam University, Indonesia
  • Pandu Prasodjo International Batam University, Indonesia


Listening Skill, Listening Comprehension, Listening Difficulties


This study investigates students’ difficulties in listening comprehension while doing the listening test and learning the skill in the class. The research aimed to find out the difficulties that student faced in listening test and the problems when learned listening skill. The research used the Brownell method that provided a framework of listening skills that consist of 6 components, that is hearing, understanding, remembering, interpreting, evaluating, and responding. The subject of the study is junior high school students of SMP Muhammadiyah Plus Batam. This research used mix-method research that questionnaire and interview used as the instrument. The students took from all grades 9 in that school. 102 students will fill out the question in the questionnaire and 8 of 102 students will be chosen to have an interview. The result showed that the difficulties encountered by the students on listening comprehension are related to the listener, speaker, and external factor. Besides that, their learning process in the class also affect their improvement and understanding in listening. Students shame in the class and the method and media used in the learning process. In listening material, long spoken text is the most difficult with 46.83% agree. The factor related the listener, showed 53.95% agree that pronunciation is difficult. Besides that, accent has the highest percentage with 52.90% and for the listening comprehension in learning process, 41.18% students have a bad habits like cheating.


Bailey, K. M. (2020). Teaching Listening and Speaking in Second and Foreign Language Contexts. In Teaching Listening and Speaking in Second and Foreign Language Contexts. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781350093560

Brownell, J. (1994). Teaching Listening: Some Thoughts on Behavioral Approaches. Business Communication Quarterly, 57(4), 19–24. https://doi.org/10.1177/108056999405700404

Cross, J. (2010). Listening in the Language Classroom. In ELT Journal (Vol. 64, Issue 1). https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccp090

Darti, & Asmawati, A. (2017). Analyzing Students’ Difficulties Toward Listening Comprehension. ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal), 3(2), 206–220. https://doi.org/10.24252/eternal.v32.2017.a9

Diora, L., & Rosa, R. N. (2020). An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Listening Comprehension: A Descriptive Study at English Language and Literature Department FBS UNP. Journal of English Language Teaching, 9(1), 85. https://doi.org/10.24036/jelt.v9i1.107957

Fitria, T. N. (2021). An Analysis of the Students’ Difficulties in TOEFL Prediction Test of Listening Section. ENGLISH FRANCA : Academic Journal of English Language and Education, 5(1), 95. https://doi.org/10.29240/ef.v5i1.2212

Green, G. (2004). “Listening makes my brain hurt”: issues of listening for students who are speakers of languages other than English. 26(2), 57–71.

Hardiyanto, A., Tanjung, M., & Suharjono, S. (2021). Listening Comprehension Difficulties; a Case Study of Efl Students in Listening Class. ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning, and Research Journal), 7(1), 168. https://doi.org/10.24252/eternal.v71.2021.a12

Jonsdottir, I. J., & Fridriksdottir, K. (2020). Active Listening: Is It the Forgotten Dimension in Managerial Communication? International Journal of Listening, 34(3), 178–188. https://doi.org/10.1080/10904018.2019.1613156

Pratiwi, K., & Andriyanti, E. (2019). External Factors Causing Students’ Difficulties in Listening. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 4(2), 227. https://doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v4i2.282

Putera Jaya, H., Petrus, I., & Kurniawan, D. (2021). Listening Comprehension Performance and Problems: A Survey on Undergraduate Students Majoring in English. Indonesian Research Journal in Education |IRJE|, 5(2), 375–386. https://doi.org/10.22437/irje.v5i2.14428

Rost, M. (2016). Teaching and researching listening: Third edition. In Teaching and Researching Listening: Third Edition.

Sofyan A. Gani, Yusuf, Y. Q., & Erwina, R. (2017). ISSN: 2581-2742 Proceedings of The 1st National Conference on Teachers ’ Professional Development September 30, 2017, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. 61, 18–28.

Wahidah, F. S. (2018). A Case Study of EFL Learners’ Difficulties in Listening Comprehension. Academic Journal Perspective : Education, Language, and Literature, 6(1), 19. https://doi.org/10.33603/perspective.v6i1.1050