ANALISIS KESALAHAN MAHASISWA TINGKAT AWAL DALAM MENYELESAIKAN SOAL ALJABAR

Ciptianingsari Ayu Vitantri

Abstract


Describing the mistakes of early-level students in solving algebra problems and their causes is the purpose of this study. The algebra problem given is a SPLDV problem with one solution, many solutions and no solution. Descriptive qualitative is a type of this research, with the subject of early-level students taking linear algebra courses. Test and interview techniques were used in collecting data in this study. Then the data analyzed using analytical techniques consisting of data reduction, data display and conclusion drawing.The results showed that the errors of students in solving SPLDV questions with one solution were only in writing mathematical symbols for the final answer. Meanwhile, errors in solving SPLDV with many solutions, namely: (1) writing the final answer, (2) performing subtraction and division operations that involve algebra, (3) interpreting the calculation results into the answer. Meanwhile, errors in solving SPLDV with no solution, namely: (1) performing subtraction operations involving algebra, (2) interpreting the results of calculations into answers. The cause of the error is that students (1) do not understand what is meant by the SPLDV solution, (2) still fixated on previous knowledge, namely the solution to SPLDV is only one, (3) still fixated that the easiest way to solve SPLDV is by elimination, (4) not familiar with SPLDV with many solutions and no solutions.

Keywords


Error Analysis, two-variable system of linear equations (SPLDV), linear algebra

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, M. Z., Minggi, I., & Jupri, M. (2014). The Description Of Mathematical Problem Solving On SPLDV Material Based On Student’s Personalities. MaPan: Jurnal Matematika & Pembelajaran., 2(1), 52–62. https://doi.org/DOI: https://doi.org/10.24252/mapan.2014v2n1a4

Arnawa, M., Yerizon, & Nita, S. (2018). Errors and misconceptions in learning elementary linear algebra. Journal of Physics: Conference Series (ICMSE). https://doi.org/doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1321/2/022095

Azis, & Nurlita, M. (2017). Simbol Language in Learning Math in School. Proceedings International Seminar on Management, Entrepreneurship and Education for Global Competitiveness (ISMEEGC), 101–105. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/M8YH6

Dewi, M. A. K., Trapsilasiswi, D., Yudianto, E., Sugiarti, T., & Pambudi, D. S. (2019). Kesalahan Siswa Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Sistem Persamaan Linier Dua Variabel Berdasarkan Kriteria Watson Ditinjau Dari Kemampuan Matematika Dan Gender. Kadikma: Jurnal Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika., 10(1), 56–67.

Ferdiyanto, F., & Yesino, L. (2019). Analisis Kesaahan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal pada Materi SPLDV Ditinjau dari Indikator Kemampuan Matematis. SJME: Supremum Journal of Mathematics Education, 3(1), 32–36.

Herlina. (2019). Menentukan Solusi Sistem Persamaan Linear Dengan Menggunakan Metode Dekomposisi Cholesky. AKSIOMATIK: Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika Dan Pembelajarannya, 6(1), 106–111.

Ilmiah, L., Purnama, S., & , Mayangsari, S. . (2018). Analisis Kesalahan Peserta Didik dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Sistem Persamaan Linier Dua Variabel. Auladuna: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 5(1), 105–115.

Marsigit. (2012). Kajian penelitian pendidikan matematika. Materi matrikulasi S2 pendidikan matematika. PPS Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Pebriyani, N., Nasihin, D., Meika, I., Yaniawati, R. P., & Firmansyah, E. (2020). Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal-Soal Sistem Persamaan Linier Dua Variabel. Jurnal PJME, 10(1), 18–24. https://doi.org/10.5035/pjme.v10i1.2444

Pulungan, R. R., & Suhendra. (2019). Analysis of student’s misconception in solving sistem of linear equation in two variables. JInternational Conference on Mathematics and Science Education (ICMScE). https://doi.org/doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1157/4/042113

Rahayuningsih, P., & Qohar, A. (2014). Analisis Kesalahan Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Sistem Persamaan Linier Dua Variabel (SPLDV) dan scaffoldingnya berdasarkan analisis kesalahan Newman pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Dan Sains, 2(2), 109–116.

Rezky, R., & Jais, E. (2020). Hyphotetical Learning Trajectory: Pemecahan Masalah Materi Sistem Persamaan Linear Dua Variabel. Mandalika Mathematics and Education Journal, 2(2), 92–101. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.29303/mandalika.v2i1.1780

Ruswana, A. (2019). Analisis Kemampuan Pemahaman Matematis Pada Mata Kuliah Aljabar Linier Elementer. Jurnal Cendekia : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(2), 293–299. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.31004/cendekia.v3i2.111

Santi, R. C. N. (2012). Implementasi Sistem Persamaan Linier menggunakan Metode Aturan Cramer. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi DINAMIK, 17(1), 34–38.

Spradley, J. P. (n.d.). Metode etnografi (Vol. 2007). Tiara Kusuma.

Vitantri, C. A. (2017). Integrasi concise learning method dengan mind mapping dalam pembelajaran matematika di perguruan tinggi. Beta: Jurnal Tadris Matematika, 10(2), 203–221. https://doi.org/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20414/betajtm.v10i2.110

Widiyasari, R. (2015). Pengembangan Pembelajaran Matematika Konstruktivis Berbantuan E-Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep Matematika Pada Materi SPLDV Kelas VIII. FIBONACCI: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika & Matematika., 1(1), 64–81. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24853/fbc.1.1.64-81




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/jpmi.v4i2.p%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

JPMI is published by IKIP Siliwangi, Cimahi, Indonesia

Publisher Address:

HKI & Publikasi IKIP Siliwangi

Building D - First Floor - Room D-12

Jl. Terusan Jenderal Sudirman, Cimahi 40526

https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/jpmi

jpmi@journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id

editor_jpmi@journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id

 

JPMI by https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/jpmi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.

p-ISSN: 2614-221X  e-ISSN: 2614-2155

 

JPMI has been indexed at: 

Google Scholar.

  

 



View JPMI Stats