Chelsea Indy Karisma(1*), Sri Lestari(2)

(1) Universitas Esa Unggul, Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Esa Unggul, Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The study aimed to explore EFL new university students’ challenges and strategies to cope with academic writing in the online learning process. This study focuses on how EFL students in higher education adapt and adjust to the academic situation by exploring their challenges and strategies to write for academic purposes, especially in the online learning process. The study involves freshmen in the English Language Education department of a private university in Jakarta, Indonesia, who are taking English writing skills courses. This study was conducted using a qualitative approach, to know the challenges and strategies used by university students. This study used purposeful sampling, by choosing the participant that matches the requirements. The data collection of this study used a questionnaire with an open-ended question, and semi-structured interview to investigate the students' experience of writing for academic purposes in online learning. This study revealed that EFL new university students have various difficulties and faced some challenges in learning writing for academic purposes in online learning. However, it is found that EFL new university students have their own strategies of writing for academic purposes in online learning.


Keywords:  Academic Writing; EFL New University Student; Writing for Academic Purposes


Full Text:



Al-Seyabi, F., & Tuzlukova, V. (2014). Writing Problems and Strategies : An Investigative Study in the Omani School and University Context. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 3(4), 37–48.

Alghazo, K. M., & Alshraideh, M. K. (2020). Grammatical Errors Found in English Writing: A Study from Al-Hussein Bin Talal University. International Education Studies, 13(9), 1. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v13n9p1

Alharbi, M. A. (2019). EFL University Students’ Voice on Challenges and Solution in Learning Academic Writing. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(3), 576–587. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v8i3.15276

Altohami, W. M. A., Hashem, M. E., Omar, A., & Hussein, M. S. M. (2022). Technological Affordances and Teaching in EFL Mixed-ability Classes during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 13(3), 371–380. https://doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2022.0130346

Aunurrahman, Hamied, F. A., & Emilia, E. (2017). Exploring The Tertiary EFL Students’ Academic Writing Competencies. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 72–79. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v7i1.6860

Chen, D. (2021). An Improvement in The Teaching of College English Writing and Communication Tools for Fifth Generation Network: Comparative Study. International Journal of Communication Systems, 34(12), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1002/dac.4852

Christzer, J., Pablo, I., Candy, R., & Lasaten, S. (2018). Writing Difficulties and Quality of Academic Essays of Senior High School Students. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 6(4), 46–57.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitaive and Qualitative Research.

Fernando, W. (2018). Show Me Your True Colours: Scaffolding Formative Academic Literacy Assessment through An Online Learning Platform. Assessing Writing, 36(September 2017), 63–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2018.03.005

Graham, S. (2018). A Revised Writer(s)-Within-Community Model of Writing. Educational Psychologist, 53(4), 258–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2018.1481406

Hinkel, E. (2013). Research Findings on Teaching Grammar for Academic Writing. English Teaching, 68(4), 3–21.

Huy, N. T. (2015). Problems Affecting Learning Writing Skill of Grade 11 at Thong Linh High School. Asian Journal of Educational Research, 3, No. 2.

Jong, B., & Kim Hua, T. (2021). Using Padlet as a Technological Tool for Assessment of Students’ Writing Skills in Online Classroom Settings. International Journal of Education and Practice, 9(2), 411–423. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.61.2021.92.411.423

Kemendikbud. (2020). Kompetensi Inti dan Kompetensi Dasar Bahasa Inggris SMP / MTs Kelas : VII. 1, 1–11.

Kiger, M. E., & Varpio, L. (2020). Thematic Analysis of Qualitative Data: AMEE Guide No. 131. Medical Teacher, 42(8), 846–854. https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2020.1755030

Lastari, N. kadek H. L., & Saraswati, P. R. T. A. K. H. (2018). The Use of Mind Mapping to Improve Writing Skill of The Eighth Grade Students of Junior High School. Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 2(2), 144–150. https://doi.org/10.31940/jasl.v2i2.1057

Ljubojevic, D. (2018). Developing Academic Writing Skills in English As L2 By Means of Collaborative E-Learning Tools. ELearning, September, 27–28.

Nonkukhetkhong, K. (2013). Grammatical Error Analysis of the First Year English Major Students, Udon Thani Pajabhat University. The Asian Conference on Language Learning, 117–127.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (2007). Writing Academic English. In Pearson Longman.

Parkes, M., Stein, S., & Reading, C. (2015). Student Preparedness for University E-learning Environments. Internet and Higher Education, 25, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2014.10.002

Pratama, Y. D. (2020). The Investigation of Using Grammarly As Online Grammar Checker in the Process of Writing. English Ideas: Journal of English Language Education, 1(1), 46–54.

Ramadhani, P., Fauziati, E., & Suparno, S. (2021). A Narrative Inquiry of English Graduate Students’ Experiences in Writing for Publication. AL-ISHLAH: Jurnal Pendidikan, 13(3), 2281–2292. https://doi.org/10.35445/alishlah.v13i3.1267

Randaccio, M. (2013). Writing Skills: Theory and Practice. CORE, 7, 51–74.

Rao, P. S. (2017). The Characteristics of Effective Writing Skills in English Language Teaching. Research Journal Of English (RJOE), 2(2), 75–86.

Sheerah, H. A. H., Yadav, M. S., Allah, M. A. E. F., & Abdin, G. J. (2022). Exploring Teachers and Students’ Perceptions towards Emergency Online Learning Intensive English Writing Course during COVID-19 Pandemic. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ, 9(4), 1–2. www.awej.orgwww.awej.orgwww.awej.org

Sogutlu, E., & Veliaj-ostrosi, M. (2022). Efl Learners ’ Challenges In Essay Writing : The Case Of A Non-Public High School In Albania. Journal of Positivity School Psychology, 6(4), 3958–3981.

Spanou, S., & Zafiri, M.-N. (2019). Teaching Reading and Writing Skills to Young Learners in English as a Foreign Language Using Blogs: A Case Study. Journal of Language and Cultural Education, 7(2), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.2478/jolace-2019-0009

Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (2012). Academic Writing for Graduate Students. English for Specific Purposes, 14(2), 175–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-4906(95)90003-9

Tuomainen, S. (2016). A Blended Learning Approach to Academic Writing and Presentation Skills. International Journal on Language, Literature and Culture in Education, 3(2), 33–55. https://doi.org/10.1515/llce-2016-0009

Yamin, M. (2019). Learning From Students’ Experiences in Writing Paragraph. Metathesis: Journal of English Language, Literature, and Teaching, 3(2), 188. https://doi.org/10.31002/metathesis.v3i2.1736

Yundayani, A. (2018). Present Situation Analysis: Students’ Early Characteristics in Writing for Academic Purposes. English Review: Journal of English Education, 6(2), 119. https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v6i2.1262

Yundayani, A., Emzir, & Rafli, Z. (2017). Need Analysis: the Writing Skill Instructional Material Context for Academic Purposes. English Review: Journal of English Education, 6(1), 59. https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v6i1.771

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/project.v6i1.p95-105

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 13 times
PDF - 4 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

p-ISSN: 2614-6320

e-ISSN: 2614-6258

 Project by https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/project/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.

View My Stats