Syafryadin Syafryadin


Teaching grammar needs to be developed by the lecturer or the teacher. The lecturer must find out an alternative way to build good atmosphere in teaching grammar. Hence, one of the alternative ways is through visual illustration. This study examined the visual illustration towards the students’ grammar ability enhancement and the problems of the students in learning grammar and the solution. This study combined quantitative and qualitative method in answering the research questions. The instruments are grammar test and interview guideline. The result showed that visual illustration technique is effective in teaching grammar for students. It can be proved by the result of simple statistic calculation, where the score of significant is lower than 0.05 (0.00 < 0.05). Besides, students faced several problems in learning grammar, such as are misuse tenses, misuse modal auxiliary, misuse nominal and verbal sentence, and pronoun. The reason students faced those problems can be caused by the student itself, lecturer and inadequate knowledge.

Full Text:



Al-Mekhlafi. A. M., & Nagaratnam, R.P. 2011. “Difficulties In Teaching and Learning Grammar in an Efl Context”. International Journal of Instruction. 4(2), 1308-1470.www.e-iji.net p-ISSN: 1694-609X.

Ameliani, A.N. (2019). Students’ difficulties in grammar of seventh grade junior high school 1 Magelang. Proceeding of 1 st Conference of English Language and Literature (CELL). 1(1), 1-8.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C. K., Walker, D. A., & Razavieh, A. (2010). Introduction to research in education. In Measurement (8th ed., Vol. 4, Issue 43). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Brown. D. (2004). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. Pearson Education. USA.

Creswell, J. W.(2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Method Approaches 4th Edition. New York: SAGE Publication Inc.

Effendi, M.S., Rokhyati, U., Rachman, U.A.M., Rakhmawati, D.A., Peritwi, D. (2017). A study on grammar teaching at an English education department in an EFL context. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL). 5(1), 42-46.

Fraenkel, J., R., Wallen, N. E., and Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education 8th edition. New York: McGrow-Hill Companiens Inc.

Handayani, N.D., & Johan, M. (2018). Problem faced in grammar of EFL students. Open Journal System: Khasana Ilmu Berazam. 1(2), 33-41.

Heigham, J. and Robert.A. C. (eds). (2009). Qualitative research in applied linguistics: a practical introduction. London: Palgrave Macmilan.

Iqbal, M. K., Akbar, M., & Ahmad, M. (2017). Problems in teaching grammar to English learners at secondary level. Asian Innovative Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities (AIJSSH). 1(1), 55-65.

Nazari, A., & Allahyar, N. (2012). Grammar Teaching Revisited: EFL Teachers between Grammar Abstinence and Formal Grammar Teaching. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 37(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2012v37n2.6.

Singh, R. (2011). Controversies in Teaching English Grammar. Academic Voices, Multidisciplinary Journal. 1(1), 56-60.

Sinka, M. (2009). klassi eesti keele 2008. aasta riikliku tasemetöö analüüs, [Online], Available:http://www.ekk.edu.ee/vvfiles/0/6_%20klassi_eesti_%20keele_%20tasemet_366_366%202008%20anal_374_374sx.pdf [20 March 2013].

Thornbury, S. (1999). How to teach grammar. Harlow: Pearson Education.

Uibu, K., & Liver, M. (2015). Students’ Grammar Mistakes and Effective Teaching Strategies. International Journal of Teaching and Education, Vol. III(1), pp. 70-87., 10.20472/TE.2015.3.1.006.

Ur, P. (2012). A Course in Language Teaching Practice. Cambridge University:New York.

Widianingsih, N.K.A., & Gulo, I. (2016). Grammatical Difficulties Encountered by Second Language Learners. Proceeding of the Fourth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching. 4(2), 2.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/project.v4i4.p641-650


  • There are currently no refbacks.

p-ISSN: 2614-6320

e-ISSN: 2614-6258

 Project by https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/project/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.

View My Stats