Lee Getsemanita Karaeng, Debora Catherin Simanjuntak


This ongoing pandemic has demanded a rapid response to the unparalleled suspension of face-to-face teaching around the world. There has consequently been a growing interest in finding out how educators cope up with the transition. This study aims to explore the experience that EFL teachers in Jayapura encountered regarding the implementation of e-learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews. A selection of 11 EFL teachers as the informants of this study was made based on the criteria of the study. By synthesizing the relevant literature with the collected data which were analyzed using thematic analysis, the findings were valued and wisely reviewed. The examination results of this study showed there are two emerging themes on teachers' experience in implementing e-learning, the themes are facilitating student learning and outcomes and self-regulated learning. Other themes that appeared were reviewed in terms of challenges, namely, obtaining interactive learning and teaching adjustment during transition. The findings can have important implications for ensuring the effective use of implementing e-learning toward English teaching. 

Full Text:



Afify, Mohammed Kamal. 2018. “The Impact of Interaction between Timing of Feedback Provision in Distance E-Learning and Learning Styles on Achieving Learning Outcomes among Arab Open University Students.” Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education 14(7):3053–68. doi: 10.29333/ejmste/91619.

Aktepe, Davut, and Lokman Coskun. 2014. “Why Does a Teacher Need to Facilitate the Learning? : A Comparative Study.” Journal of Educational and Social Research 4(2):47–50. doi: 10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n2p47.

Assareh, A., and M. Hosseini Bidokht. 2011. “Barriers to E-Teaching and E-Learning.” Procedia Computer Science 3:791–95. doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2010.12.129.

Bao, Wei. 2020. “ COVID ‐19 and Online Teaching in Higher Education: A Case Study of Peking University .” Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies 2(2):113–15. doi: 10.1002/hbe2.191.

Baticulon, Ronnie E., Nicole Rose I. Alberto, Maria Beatriz C. Baron, Robert Earl C. Mabulay, Lloyd Gabriel T. Rizada, Jinno Jenkin Sy, Christl Jan S. Tiu, Charlie A. Clarion, and John Carlo B. Reyes. 2020. “Barriers to Online Learning in the Time of COVID-19: A National Survey of Medical Students in the Philippines.” MedRxiv 1–19. doi: 10.1101/2020.07.16.20155747.

Bradley, Cynthia Sherraden, Brandon Kyle Johnson, and Kristina Thomas Dreifuerst. 2020. “Debriefing: A Place for Enthusiastic Teaching and Learning at a Distance.” Clinical Simulation in Nursing 49:16–18. doi: 10.1016/j.ecns.2020.04.001.

Churiyah, Madziatul, Sholikhan Sholikhan, Filianti Filianti, and Dewi Ayu Sakdiyyah. 2020. “Indonesia Education Readiness Conducting Distance Learning in Covid-19 Pandemic Situation.” International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding 7(6):491. doi: 10.18415/ijmmu.v7i6.1833.

Costa, Roberto D., Gustavo F. Souza, Ricardo A. M. Valentim, and Thales B. Castro. 2020. “The Theory of Learning Styles Applied to Distance Learning.” Cognitive Systems Research 64:134–45. doi: 10.1016/j.cogsys.2020.08.004.

Dellinger, Amy B., Jacquline J. Bobbett, Dianne F. Olivier, and Chad D. Ellett. 2008. “Measuring Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs: Development and Use of the TEBS-Self.” Teaching and Teacher Education 24(3):751–66. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2007.02.010.

Dewaele, Jean–Marc, Andrea Franco Magdalena, and Kazuya Saito. 2019. “The Effect of Perception of Teacher Characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners’ Anxiety and Enjoyment.” Modern Language Journal 103(2):412–27. doi: 10.1111/modl.12555.

Donnell, Laurie A., and Maribeth Gettinger. 2015. “Elementary School Teachers’ Acceptability of School Reform: Contribution of Belief Congruence, Self-Efficacy, and Professional Development.” Teaching and Teacher Education 51:47–57. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2015.06.003.

Edition, Second. n.d. Coding Manual.

Gegenfurtner, Andreas, Alexander Zitt, and Christian Ebner. 2019. “Evaluating Webinar-Based Training : A Mixed Methods Study of Trainee Reactions toward Digital Web Conferencing.” 5–21. doi: 10.1111/ijtd.12167.

Girolami, Gregory S., Julia L. Brumaghim, James G. Priepot, and Jon P. Goveia. 2000. “A Guide to Using SHELXTL.” (January):1–37.

Hasan, Najmul, and Yukun Bao. 2020. “Impact of ‘e-Learning Crack-up’ Perception on Psychological Distress among College Students during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mediating Role of ‘Fear of Academic Year Loss.’” Children and Youth Services Review 118(August):105355. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105355.

Johnson, Stacy R., Kristy J. Finlon, Roger Kobak, and Carroll E. Izard. 2017. “Promoting Student–Teacher Interactions: Exploring a Peer Coaching Model for Teachers in a Preschool Setting.” Early Childhood Education Journal 45(4):461–70. doi: 10.1007/s10643-016-0790-1.

König, Johannes, Daniela J. Jäger-Biela, and Nina Glutsch. 2020. “Adapting to Online Teaching during COVID-19 School Closure: Teacher Education and Teacher Competence Effects among Early Career Teachers in Germany.” European Journal of Teacher Education 43(4):608–22. doi: 10.1080/02619768.2020.1809650.

Kumar, Ajay. 2015. “Attitude Towards Teaching Profession in Relation to Adjustment among Senior Secondary School Teachers.” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 4(4):830–33.

de la Rama, Jesha May, Matthew Sabases, Abigail F. Antonion, Criselda Ricohermoso, Joel Mayo Torres, Aprillette Devanadera, Cristine Tulio, and Ericson Alieto. 2020. “Virtual Teaching as the 'New Norm’: Analyzing Science Teachers’ Attitude toward Online Teaching, Technological Competence and Access.” SSRN Electronic Journal (July). doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3654236.

Lase, Delipiter. 2019. “EDUCATION AND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 4.0 Delipiter.” Jurnal Handayani 10(1):48–62. doi: 10.24114/jh.v10i1.

Lipowsky, Frank, and Daniela Rzejak. 2015. “Key Features of Effective Professional Development Programmes for Teachers.” 7(2):27–51.

Mathew, Nalliveettil George. 2019. “No Title.” 7(2):100–116.

Moretti, Francesca, Liesbeth van Vliet, Jozien Bensing, Giuseppe Deledda, Mariangela Mazzi, Michela Rimondini, Christa Zimmermann, and Ian Fletcher. 2011. “A Standardized Approach to Qualitative Content Analysis of Focus Group Discussions from Different Countries.” Patient Education and Counseling 82(3):420–28. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2011.01.005.

Myers, J. Mathew, and Regina Halpin. 2002. “Journal of Computing in Teacher Education Teachers’Attitudes and Use of Multimedia Technology in the Classroom.” Journal of Computing in Teacher Education 18(4):133–40. doi: 10.1080/10402454.2002.10784449.

Octaberlina, Like Raskova, and Afif Ikhwanul Muslimin. 2020. “Efl Students Perspective towards Online Learning Barriers and Alternatives Using Moodle/Google Classroom during Covid-19 Pandemic.” International Journal of Higher Education 9(6):1–9. doi: 10.5430/ijhe.v9n6p1.

Oddone, Kay, Hilary Hughes, and Mandy Lupton. 2019. “Teachers as Connected Professionals: A Model to Support Professional Learning through Personal Learning Networks.” International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 20(3):102–20. doi: 10.19173/irrodl.v20i4.4082.

Pathak, Anil, and Charatdao Intratat. 2012. “Use of Semi-Structured Interviews to Investigate Teacher Perceptions of Student Collaboration.” 8(1):1–10.

Period, Covid-Pandemic, and A. Case Study. 2020. “The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers of Online Learning during the The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers of Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period : A Case Study in Indonesia.” (July). doi: 10.29333/ejecs/388.

Perry, Nancy E., Lynda Hutchinson, and Carolyn Thauberger. 2008. “Talking about Teaching Self-Regulated Learning : Scaffolding Student Teachers ’ Development and Use of Practices That Promote Self-Regulated Learning.” 47:97–108. doi: 10.1016/j.ijer.2007.11.010.

Perveen, Ayesha. 2016. “Synchronous and Asynchronous E-Language Learning : A Case Study of Virtual Synchronous and Asynchronous E-Language Learning : A Case Study of Virtual University of Pakistan.” (March). doi: 10.5944/openpraxis.8.1.212.

Ponikarovska, Svitlana. 2020. “The Role of Higher School in Personal Becoming.” Bulletin of Kharkov National Automobile and Highway University 0(91):216. doi: 10.30977/bul.2219-5548.2020.91.0.216.

Rebaque-rivas, Pablo, and Eva Gil-rodr. 2019. “HCI International 2019 - Posters.” 1034:115–22. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-23525-3.

Reigeluth, Charles M. 2013. “Instructional-Design Theories and Models: A New Paradigm of Instructional Theory.” Instructional-Design Theories and Models: A New Paradigm of Instructional Theory 2(January 1999):1–715. doi: 10.4324/9781410603784.

Reimers, Fernando, Andreas Schleicher, Jaime Saavedra, and Saku Tuominen. 2020. “Supporting the Continuation of Teaching and Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Annotated Resources for Online Learning.” Oecd 1–38.

Rozitis, Christopher P. 2017. “Instructional Design Competencies for Online High School Teachers Modifying Their Own Courses.” TechTrends 61(5):428–37. doi: 10.1007/s11528-017-0204-2.

Tanveer, Afzal Muhammad. 2015. “Teachers Perceptions and Needs towards the Use of E-Learning in Teaching of Physics at Secondary Level.” (August). doi: 10.12691/education-3-8-16.

Taradisa, Nidia., Jarmita, Nida., Emalfida. 2020. “Kendala Yang Dihadapi Guru Mengajar Daring Pada Masa Pandemi COvid 19 MIN 5 Banda Aceh.” UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh 1(1):23.

Tularam, Gurudeo, and Patrick Machisella. 2018. “Traditional vs Non-Traditional Teaching and Learning Strategies -- The Case of E-Learning!.” International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning 19(1):129–58.

Utecht, Jeff, and Doreen Keller. 2019. “Becoming Relevant Again: Applying Connectivism Learning Theory to Today’s Classrooms.” Critical Questions in Education 10(2):107–19.

Al Zoubi, Samer. 2018. “The Impact of Exposure to English Language on Language Acquisition.” Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research 5(4):151–62.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/project.v4i2.p324-340


  • There are currently no refbacks.

p-ISSN: 2614-6320

e-ISSN: 2614-6258

 Project by https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/project/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 4.0 Internasional License.

View My Stats